Learn Punjabi - Class 1

ਪੰਜਾਬ (Punjab)

The word "Punjab" (Punj + aab) is a persian word where "Punj" means number 5 and "aab" means Waters. So the word "Punjab" literally means "5 waters", it refers to the five major tributaries of the Indus River.

The 5 rivers are:
1. Jhelam
2. Chenab
3. Ravi
4. Beas
5. Satluj

Source: Wikipedia

Punjabi (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) Language

Punjabi language is Spoken by over 120 Million speakers Worldwide in more than 150 countries.

It is mostly spoken in Punjab region of Pakistan and India.

The Punjab region in India is also known as Chad-da Punjab or East Punjab and the Punjab region of Pakistan is known as Lehnda Punjabi or the West Punjab.

 "Chad-da" literally means "To Rise" and "Lehnda" means "To set".

Punjabi is the 3rd most spoken language in Canada and 4th in UK.

East Punjab - Major Regions

Dialects of Punjabi Language

Popular Dialects in East Punjab  
Majhi  (Standard Punjabi)
Other Dialects
- Powadhi
- Baagri
Popular Dialects in West Punjab  
and many more ...

Scripts of Punjabi Language 

Punjabi Language has two scripts:

Gurmukhi - ਪੰਜਾਬੀ
Shahmukhi - شاہ مکھی

Punjabi is one of the few languages written in more than one script.

Gurmukhi (ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ - ਪੈਂਤੀ ਅੱਖਰੀ - 35 Akhri )

Word Gurmukhi (ਗੁਰ + ਮੁਖੀ - Gur + mukhi) means "From the Mouth of the Guru"

Gurmukhi script is derived from Lahnda script and standardized by Guru Angad Dev ji (the second Guru of Sikh religion) in the 16th century.

35 Primary letters of Gurmukhi is also known as ਪੈਂਤੀ ਅੱਖਰੀ - Painti Akhri

5 nassal sounds 

Last 6 Letters - added later for including more sounds 

ਸ਼   ਖ਼   ਗ਼   ਜ਼   ਫ਼   ਲ਼ 


Please attempt these questions and post your answers in the comment section below:

Punjabi Books from LingoBasket


  • PannuNov 27, 2022

    Answer 1 – 2 scripts
    Answer 2 – „From the mouth of the Guru“
    Answer 3 – 36 letters
    Answer 4 – Malwai
    Answer 5 – Malwa, Doaba, Majha
    Answer 6 – Guru Angad Dev Ji

  • Isabel RigoletNov 22, 2022

    Answer 1 – 2 scripts
    Answer 2 – from the mouth of the Guru
    Answer 3 – 35
    Answer 4 – Majhi
    Answer 5 – Majha, Doaba, Malwa
    Answer 6 – the second Guru, Guru Angad Jev Ji

  • Gurmeet SinghNov 19, 2022

    Answer 1 –
    Answer 2 -
    Answer 3 -

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